Business

Energy giants Shell and Centrica enjoy soaring profits as prices rise

Shell has reported record profits of $11.5bn (£9.4bn) for the second quarter, more than double last year’s figure of $5.5bn (£4.5bn).

The oil giant had already smashed its own quarterly record at the start of the year when it clocked up profits of $9.1bn (£7.2bn), but the sums continued to rise into Q2.

Shell attributed the enormous numbers to higher prices, refining profits and gas trading, though this was partly offset by lower liquefied natural gas trading.

Shell said its shareholder returns will remain “in excess of 30% of cash flow from operating activities”.

Chief executive officer Ben van Beurden said Shell was using “using [its] financial strength to invest in secure energy supplies which the world needs today”.

Meanwhile, British Gas owner Centrica enjoyed £1.3bn operating profits in the first six months of 2022, five times the amount from the same period last year of £262m.

Britain’s largest energy supplier was able to restore its dividend as profits soared, boosted by asset sales and rocketing energy prices.

However, the electricity and gas supplier took a hit to British Gas, whose first-half profit fell 43% from £172m in 2021 to £98m this year.

A UK price cap on the most widely used domestic energy contracts is set to rise to £3,850 in January, almost triple the amount from October last year (£1,277 a year), contributing to rising inflation and a cost of living squeeze.

Cost of living crisis – follow live updates

The record cash flowing into energy companies like Shell has reignited calls for a tougher windfall tax on additional profits on oil and gas, the prices of which have soared, fuelled by Russia’s latest invasion of Ukraine and threats to cut off gas supplies to Europe.

Friends of the Earth energy campaigner Sana Yusuf, said the bulk of Shell’s profits “should be used to insulate our homes and help cash-strapped households pay for their heating this winter, rather than developing more fossil fuel projects that roast the planet.”

Responding to the then chancellor Rishi Sunak’s energy profits levy announcement, Shell said in May: “We have consistently emphasised the importance of a stable environment for long term investment.

“This is fundamental to our aim to invest between £20 and £25bn in the UK in the next decade, mostly in low and zero-carbon products and services, with a significant amount also focused on ensuring security of energy supply for the UK.

“We recognise the burden that increased energy prices have across society, in particular on the vulnerable, and have hardship plans in place to help our customers.”

Read more: Everything you need to know about windfall tax

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Why are gas bills so high?

Mr Sunak had announced a new 25% levy on the extraordinary profits the oil and gas sector was making, on top of the existing 40% tax rate, in order to fund help with the cost of living crisis.

But companies could avoid most of the additional tax bill after the former chancellor doubled the relief they can get for investing in new oil and gas extraction from 46p for every £1 invested in the UK to 91p.

In February, Shell said it was hoping to direct 50% of its total spend to energy transition by 2025, which includes producing low-carbon energy as well as non-energy products.

Its energy transition strategy, released last year, sets out a target to wind down its oil and gas production, including divestment, by 1-2% a year through to 2030.

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